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Vascular Conditions & Terminology

  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)

    The aorta is the largest artery in your body, and it carries blood away from your heart. When it reaches your abdomen, it is called the abdominal aorta. When a weak area of the abdominal aorta expands or bulges, it is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).

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  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection

    When a weak area of your thoracic aorta expands or bulges, it is called a thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). Approximately 25 percent of aortic aneurysms occur in the chest, and the rest involve the abdominal aorta.

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  • Carotid Artery Disease for Stroke Prevention

    Carotid artery stenosis is the narrowing of the carotid arteries. These are the main arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain. Carotid artery stenosis, also called carotid artery disease, is a major risk factor for ischemic stroke. (This is the most common form of stroke and is usually caused by a blood clot plugging an artery.)

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  • Peripheral Vascular Disease

    Peripheral Vascular Disease refers to diseases of blood vessels outside the heart and brain. It's often a narrowing of vessels that carry blood to the legs, arms, stomach or kidneys.

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  • Renal Angioplasty for Hypertention & Renal Failure

    If the renal angiogram reveals a narrowing of the renal arteries, a balloon-tipped catheter can be used to stretch open the narrowing. The technique of stretching arteries open with a balloon is called angioplasty. The technique is more formally known as percutaneous transluminal angioplasty or PTA for short.

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  • Claudication

    Claudication is a medical term which refers to the limp which is produced by a pain in your leg when you walk. It is due to an inadequate blood supply to the muscles, so that they cramp up and you have to stop walking until the circulation returns.

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  • Angioplasty

    Angioplasty is a medical procedure in which a balloon is used to open narrowed or blocked arteries. Although the procedure is minor and done under local anaesthetic, it is a definite surgical operation and proper surgical care is required during and after the procedure.

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  • Stent

    A stent is a small mesh tube that’s used to treat narrowed or weakened arteries in the body.

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  • Leg Veins

    Veins in the legs may be visible and unsightly, and cause symptoms such as aching and throbbing. Varicose veins are large, dilated, tortuous veins which appear raised and lumpy. Spider veins are small blood vessels lying underneath the skin surface and may appear red or blue.

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  • Venous Disorders and Varicose Veins

    Varicose veins are swollen veins that you can see through your skin. They often look blue, bulging, and twisted. Left untreated, varicose veins may worsen over time. Large varicose veins can cause aching and feelings of fatigue as well as skin changes like rashes, redness, and sores.

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  • Duplex Ultrasound

    Duplex Ultrasound clarifies the site of the disease and whether it is narrowing or a complete blockage. It also measures the length of the occlusion and the type of disease in the artery. All this information is necessary to be able to advise you on the best possible treatment for you.

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  • Angiogram

    An angiogram is a test performed to obtain an extremely precise picture of your arterial problems prior to any treatment. The test involves the insertion of a fine tube over a guidewire into the artery from your groin. An x-ray visible dye (contrast) is injected to outline all the arteries.

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  • CT Angiography

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